THE KOREAN ALPHABET THE KOREAN ALPHABET 
3. THE KOREAN ALPHABET
Sounds and First Words
GRADES: 1-3 AUTHOR: John Hoge
SUBJECT: Language Arts
TIME REQUIRED: One class period
As a result of this lesson, students will:
1. Learn the sound for each letter of the Korean alphabet (han’gul ).
2. Sound out simple words and phrases written in han’gul.
• Handout of the Consonants of Han’gul
• Vowels of Han’gul
• Sample Korean Words in Han’gul
• Large “flash cards” of the Korean alphabet
The Korean alphabet was developed by a team of scholars at the bidding of King Sejong in the 15th cen-
tury. King Sejong wanted to bring literacy to the common people, so he asked his scholars to develop an
alphabet that would be so simple that a bright person could memorize the sounds of the letters and begin
reading in less than half a day. Today the Korean alphabet, called han’gul, is composed of 10 vowels and
14 consonants. The vowels and consonants may be blended to form many different sounds.
Distribute the handout Consonants of han’gul and go over each consonant with the class. Review the
list to make sure that all students have heard and reproduced the sounds of each Korean letter at least
Use flash cards to drill the students in matching the sound to the proper letter of the Korean alpha-
Repeat the process using the vowels.
Try out the sample words in the handout.
Try reading and saying the given sample phrases.
• Were the children able to learn the letter sounds in the Korean alphabet?
• Were they able to sound out simple words and phrases written in han’gul?
• Label items around the room in han’gul.
• Invite a Korean speaking guest to lead simple songs and language lessons.
• Purchase one of the many Korean language learning tapes and begin learning the language.