The Greek Alphabet and Pronunciation Chart
The Greek Alphabet and Pronunciation
a A a!lfa
Alpha a as in father 1 short/long vowel
b B bh'ta
Beta b as in Bible 2
g G gavmma
as in gone 3
d D devlta
Delta d as in dog 4
e E e]yilovn
e as in met 5 short vowel
w as in few 6 Not used in NT
z Z zh'ta
as in daze
as in zoo
7 within a word
@ beg of a word
h H h^ta
Eta e2 as in obey 8 long vowel
q Q qh'ta
Theta th as in thing 9
i I ijw'ta
Iota i as in intrigue 10 short/long vowel
k K kavppa
Kappa k as in kitchen 20
l L lavmbda
Lambda l as in law 30
m M mu'
Mu m as in mother 40
n N nu'
Nu n as in new 50
x X xi'
Xsi (xi) xs as in axiom 60 dbl. cons. sound
o O o] mikrovn
as in not
70 short vowel
p P pi'
as in peach 80
q as in quick 90 Not used in NT
r R rJw'
Rho r as in rod 100
as in study 200
t T tau'
Tau t as in talk 300
u U u^ yilovn
u/y as in universe or
400 short/long vowel
f F fi'
as in phone 500
c C ci'
as in loch 600
y Y yi'
ps as in lips 700 dbl. cons. sound
w W w^ mevga
o o as in tone 800
s 900 Not used in NT
Each letter had a numerical value assigned to it, similar to Hebrew and Latin; the Greeks wrote numbers
using letters, akin to Roman numerals.
g before -g, -k, or -c is pronounced (n): (angelos)
e letter, named e} yilovn, literally means “simple e” sound.
ú, û, ü are three archaic letters used in NT times only as numbers.
z, x, and y are double-consonant sounds written as a single letter.
z sounds like “z” when occurring at the beginning of a word and as “dz” in the middle.
o letter, named o} mikrovn, literally means “small o” sound.
o will be pronounced as “o” in “omelet” in this course.
r at the beginning of a word is written with “rough” breathing ( J).
" written at the end of a word; s elsewhere: seismov" “earthquake.”
u letter, named u^ yilovn, literally means “simple u”sound.
c may be pronounced either as “ch” in (German) Bach or as chasm, whichever you find more comfortable.
w letter, named w^ mevga, literally means “big o” sound.
The Greek Alphabet and Pronunciation Chart PDF
Favor this template? Just fancy it by voting!
1 Page(s) | 834 Views | 16 Downloads
2 Page(s) | 1045 Views | 10 Downloads
26 Page(s) | 7504 Views | 135 Downloads
10 Page(s) | 3371 Views | 16 Downloads
102 Page(s) | 9333 Views | 23 Downloads