Stakeholder Analysis Guidelines
2-6 Policy Toolkit for Strengthening Health Sector Reform
Step 3: Identifying Key Stakeholders
Identifying the key stakeholders is extremely important to the success of the analysis. Based on
the resources available, the working group should decide on the maximum number of stake-
holders to be interviewed. The working group should then follow the steps below to define the
list of stakeholders (beginning with an open list that can b e reduced, if necessary).
Compile and review existing information.
The working group should gather and analyze any written documents related to the selected pol-
icy. T his will hel p to iden tify pote ntial sta keholders and, perhaps, their connectio n to the policy.
Develop a list of all possible stakeholders.
Initially, the working group s hould identify all actors who
could have an interest in the selected policy, including actors
outside the health sector that could affect or be affected by the
policy. Specific stakeholders can be identified from the follow-
ing sectors: international/donors, national political (legisla-
tors, governors), public (ministry of health [MOH], social
security agency, ministry of finance), labor (unions, medical
associations), commercial/private for-profit, and nonprofit
(nongovernmental organizations [NGOs], foundations). Civil
society is an important sector to consider if the community or
consumers have a direct interest in the policy. It is also impor-
tant to consider the po tential stakeho lders in different geo-
graphic o r administrative areas within one or ganization.
Develop a list of priority stakeholders with
input from experts.
Since resources, time, and finances for the analysis will be lim-
ited, the list of stakeholders to be interviewed must be prior i-
tized. Experts who know the sector, policy, and players can help in this pr ocess.
The working group should consult with two to three persons who have extensive knowledge
of the health sector, its actors, and the power of those actors to influence the policy. Experts
could be representatives from donor organizations, health reform projects, a national health
council, private consulting firms that have worked in health, or other sector-wide organiza-
tions. They could also be pers ons who have work ed in various po sitions in the health sector,
such as ex-MOH authorities. Ideally, these experts should not be stakeholders themselves.
Two working group members should meet with the experts to identify potential stakeholders
from the various sectors. The discussion should focus on persons or organizations that may be
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