Background/introduction Provide a concise statement of the purpose and scope of the study.
Explain why the topic is important if this is not obvious.
Summarize previous research on the topic. Include citations
of both published and gray literature.
Explain why previous work is not sufficient. Indicate how
this study fills gaps in existing knowledge, addresses
unresolved issues, overcomes shortcomings of previous
research or contributes to new knowledge.
If appropriate, provide the conceptual framework or
theoretical underpinnings of the study and rationale for it.
If appropriate, provide the rationale for the methodological
orientation of the study.
If appropriate, provide the rationale for the groups studied.
Describe the context of the study in detail to provide
information relevant to how the findings may or may not be
applicable to other settings.
Objectives Primary study objective, question, or hypothesis
Secondary study objective(s), question(s), or hypothesis(es)