Greek Alphabet Charts

Greek Alphabet Charts


alpha
a
father


beta
b
big


gamma
g
God /  = ng (angle) /  = nk (ankle)


delta
d
door


epsilon
e
met


zeta
z
zeal or kudzu


eta
ē
obey


theta
th
thing


iota
i
pit or police


kappa
k
keep


lambda
l
law


mu (moo)
m
mother


nu (noo)
n
number


xi (ksee)
x
fox


omicron
o
not [Note: o-micron = small o]


pi (pee)
p
poor


rho
r, rh
rod, rhythm


sigma
s
save [the form occurs only at end of word]


tau
t
time


upsilon
u, y
French u or German ü


phi (phee)
ph
phone


chi (khee)
ch/kh
German ich


psi (psee)
ps
tipsy


omega
ō
vote [Note: o-mega = big o]
Diphthongs

ai
aisle

ei
neighbor

oi
oil

uee
queen

ow
cow

oo
food

e+u
met+rude (~feud)

ē+u
obey+rude
Punctuation
Comma, period: Same as in English
Raised dot () = Colon or Semicolon
Semicolon () in Greek = Question mark
Syllables
Ultima last
Penult next to last
Antepenult third from last
Breathing Marks

= a;  = ĕn

= ha;  = hĕn
Accents

acute
or
circumflex

grave
Combinations of Accents & Breathings
, or , /  or /
Iota Subscript
Only with 3 vowels:
Has no effect on pronunciation
Diaeresis (dee-eye-re-sis)
Keeps 2 vowels separate ()
Examples: =  (Isaiah)
 =  (Cain)
Elision apostrophe () marks an omitted letter
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