English Braille American Edition

vi
FOREWORD TO THE 1962 REVISION
With the completion and adoption in 1958 of "English Braille—American Edition—1959," it was
recognized that the hoped for efficiency of the new basic literary braille code could only be demonstrated by
experience, in spite of the long years of study which had gone into its development. This 1962 revision,
therefore, is the result of three-and-a-half years of use of the 1959 code. No changes have been made in the
code itself. Rather, the revision consists primarily of demonstrated necessary additional clarifications and
interpretations of the rules of usage. Only three new signs have been added—all of them needed for the
embossing of textbook or technical materials, i.e., a sign for the ditto mark, plus two additional signs
required for the representation of pronunciation for use in glossaries, dictionaries, etc. Also included is a
clarification of the way to write a combination of Greek letters which may appear in regular English
context. Hopefully, these clarifications and additions will meet the needs of braillists for many years to
come.
The adopting resolutions of the AAIB and AAWB in 1958 included the creation of an authority
to succeed the Joint Uniform Braille Committee. The three members of the AAIB-AAWB Braille Authority
are appointed jointly by the presidents of the two Associations. In addition to complete responsibility for
the expansion, clarification, and interpretation of the basic literary braille code for use in the United States,
it is the duty of the Braille Authority to provide for the development and/or clarification and interpretation
of technical braille codes for music, mathematical and scientific notations, textbook techniques and format,
etc. To accomplish these goals, the Braille Authority draws upon the aid and guidance of recognized
authorities in their respective fields. In addition, provision has been made by the Authority for adequate
pre-testing of proposed new codes and usages before recommending them for adoption. Final official
adoption of all codes, however, including rules of usage, lies with the two professional associations of work
for the blind, the American Association of Instructors of the Blind and the American Association of
Workers for the Blind.
AAIB-AAWB BRAILLE AUTHORITY
Maxine B. Dorf (1959- )
Marjorie S. Hooper (1959- )
Bernard M. Krebs (1959- )
Paul J. Langan (1959-1959)
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