English Braille American Edition

FOREWORD v
The history of the evolution of braille has been long and, at times, difficult. No recount will be made
here of the various developments the system has passed through during the years. The present volume adds
one more significant revision in the attempt to bring about new and increased advantages of readability in
the touch method of communication for the blind.
Quite appropriately, this work is being published in a year of some importance in the field of work for
the blind. 1959 marks the 150th anniversary of the birth of the celebrated young Frenchman, Louis Braille,
for whom the present system of embossed writing was named. It also was just one hundred and thirty years
ago, in 1829, that the governors of the Institution Royale des Jeunes Aveugles de Paris arranged for the
publication of the first official description of the system under the title of "Method of Writing Words, Music
and Plainsong by Means of Dots, for Use of the Blind."
This work has resulted from nine years of study by the Joint Uniform Braille Committee and the AAIB-
AAWB Braille Authority. Many meetings, including a conference in London in 1956 with the British
National Uniform Type Committee, and a number of draft revisions, finally brought about this completed
manual. A distinct variance in preferred language usage here in America and in the United Kingdom
dictated that braille readers on both sides of the Atlantic could best be served with separate, though
basically similar, codes designed to apply to the English language as practiced in each country. Readers in
either country, however, should experience no difficulty in enjoying the braille books published in both
countries.
By official resolutions of the AAIB and AAWB in convention in Vancouver and Philadelphia in 1958,
"English Braille—American Edition, 1959," becomes the authorized braille code for use in the United States,
as of January 1, 1959.
JOINT UNIFORM BRAILLE COMMITTEE, 1950-1958
Alfred Allen Florence Horton
Robert W. Beath Bernard M. Krebs
Francis J. Cummings, Ph.D. Paul J. Langan
Marjorie S. Hooper L. W. Rodenberg
Page 5/163
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