Application for Disability Benefits - Quebec
Application for Disability Beneﬁts
If you are under age 65, have sufﬁciently contributed to the
Québec Pension Plan and are disabled, you could be entitled
to disability beneﬁts under the Plan. There are two pensions:
the disability pension;
the pension for a disabled person’s child.
The Régie des rentes du Québec can deem you to be disabled
if your disability is severe and if it prevents you from doing any
type of work on a full-time basis. In addition, your disability
must be permanent, which means it is of indeﬁnite duration
with no possibility of improvement.
However, if you are between ages 60 and 65 and your state
of health prevents you from doing the usual work you left when
you became disabled, you could be entitled to a disability
pension. You will have to prove that you recently worked,
that is, that you contributed to the Plan for at least four of
the last six years in your contributory period. The contributory
period ends in the year in which the Régie deems a person
to be disabled.
If you are under 65 years of age, a beneficiary of a
retirement pension under the Québec Pension Plan and
we can no longer cancel your retirement pension, you could
receive an additional amount for disability if you are unable to
do any type of work on a full-time basis. Note that you must
show that you recently worked.
Important: You must notify the Régie if you return to
work while your application for disability beneﬁts is being
Disability pension or additional amount
A disability pension or an additional amount for disability is:
payable as of the fourth month following the one in
which the Régie considers a person to be disabled.
Thus, a person who is deemed to be disabled as
of January receives a ﬁrst pension payment in May.
The last payment is made in the month of the person’s
65th birthday. The disability pension is automatically
replaced by a retirement pension at that time;
increased each year in January, according to the cost
subject to income tax.
Pension for a disabled person’s child
If you are granted a disability pension, your children could
be entitled to a pension for a disabled person’s child until
age18, if an application is ﬁled.
They are eligible for the
pension if they:
are your biological or adopted children; or
have been living with you for at least one year and you
serve as mother or father to them.
Children are not eligible for this pension if they were
placed in your home in foster care and you are receiving
amounts for them.
The pension for a disabled person’s child is paid on a
priority basis to the disabled person who provides for the
children’s needs. Otherwise, the pension is paid to the person
responsible for the children. Regardless of who is receiving
the pension for a disabled person’s child, it does not reduce
the amount of the disability pension.
The pension for a disabled person’s child is paid monthly.
Payment ends when the child turns 18 or the disability pension
stops being paid. The person receiving the pension must notify
the Régie if he or she is no longer responsible for the children.
Impact on other benefits
If you are already receiving a surviving spouse’s pension under
the Québec Pension Plan, that pension could be reduced
once a disability pension becomes payable. Please note that
you cannot receive disability beneﬁts under the Plan if you
are already receiving disability beneﬁts under the Canada
The Régie’s criteria for determining if a person is disabled
are not the same as those of the Commission de la santé et
de la sécurité du travail (CSST), the Société de l’assurance
automobile du Québec (SAAQ) or the Ministère de l’Emploi
et de la Solidarité sociale. The criteria used by insurance
companies may also differ from those of the Régie.
If you receive or expect to receive beneﬁts from other public or
private sources, you should ﬁnd out from those other sources
whether or not receiving disability beneﬁts under the Québec
Pension Plan would cause such beneﬁts to be reduced.
Children for whom an orphan’s pension or a pension for a disabled person’s
child is already being paid under the Québec Pension Plan or the Canada
Pension Plan are not entitled to a second pension.
A pension for a disabled person’s child is not payable where a beneﬁciary
of a retirement pension is receiving an additional amount for disability.
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Application for Disability Benefits - Quebec PDF
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