APA Format Sample Reference List

4
Part III: Personal Communications
Personal communications include multiple types of data that are not available for
retrieval. Examples include conversations and discussions, e-mail messages, class
lectures, presentation slides, and personal interviews. Because this data is not available
for someone else to retrieve, the reference is included ONLY in the text; it is NOT
included on the reference page. When including personal communications in the text,
you should list the initials and surname of the person who provided the information and
the date of the communication.
As a Parenthetical Citation
(D. Brooks, personal communication, September 24, 2009)
With the Person as Part of the Sentence
D. Brooks (personal communication, September 24, 2009)
Part IV: Online Materials and Electronic Media
The 6
th
edition of the manual has placed greater emphasis on retrieval and citation of
electronic sources, as one might expect. In particular, the manual presupposes that the use of a
“digital object identifier” (DOI) is now the norm for journal articles (and electronic books),
although in practice there are electronic sources still lacking a DOI number. In fact, the manual
even recommends using a DOI for an in-print source when available.
Basically, follow the advice of the manual: “we recommend that you include the same
elements, in the same order, as you would for a reference to [an in-print] source and add as much
electronic retrieval information as needed for others to locate the sources you cited” (APA, 2010,
p. 187). In other words, if you are using a journal, after setting the reference up as if it were an
in-print source, add the DOI at the end of the reference (see DOI example on next page). If there
is no DOI, then provide the home page URL for the journal. That means you no longer should
list the name of a database as part of the retrieval information. In other words, if you lack a DOI,
you will either have to go online and locate for yourself the journal’s home page URL, or in rare
circumstances you will have to give the entry page URL for the online archive (such as some
documents in ERIC or JSTOR) if you cannot locate a journal home page.
You also no longer need to include retrieval dates, unless the source is likely to change
over time (e.g., a website using Wiki technology). Make sure when giving a URL for a specific
document (other than a journal article) that it is the full URL, down to the last character. In other
words, someone should be able to cut-and-paste that address into a browser window and get to
the actual document. In any URL, do not add dashes, periods, or any other punctuation on your
own, including at the end of the URL.
Internet Reference Work, Dictionary, or Encyclopedia, Author Not Indicated
Interest. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary (11
th
ed.). Retrieved from
http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/interest
Page 4/6
Free Download

APA Format Sample Reference List PDF

Favor this template? Just fancy it by voting!
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
(0 Votes)
0.0
Related Forms
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
2 Page(s) | 1283 Views | 1 Downloads
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
7 Page(s) | 1778 Views | 10 Downloads
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
12 Page(s) | 3801 Views | 13 Downloads
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
5 Page(s) | 1351 Views | 6 Downloads
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
13 Page(s) | 3741 Views | 18 Downloads